By Kenneth C. Barnes
Winner, 2017 Ragsdale Award
A well timed research that places present issues—religious intolerance, immigration, the separation of church and nation, race kinfolk, and politics—in old context.
The masthead of the Liberator, an anti-Catholic newspaper released in Magnolia, Arkansas, displayed from 1912 to 1915 a picture of the Whore of Babylon. She used to be an immoral girl sitting on a seven-headed beast, keeping a golden cup “full of her abominations,” and meant to symbolize the Catholic Church.
Propaganda of this sort was once universal in the course of a national surge in antipathy to Catholicism within the early 20th century. This hostility was once in particular excessive in principally Protestant Arkansas, the place for instance a 1915 legislation required the inspection of convents to make sure that monks couldn't retain nuns as sexual slaves.
Later within the decade, anti-Catholic prejudice connected itself to the crusade opposed to liquor, and while the U.S. went to struggle in 1917, suspicion arose opposed to German speakers—most of whom, in Arkansas, have been Roman Catholics.
In the Twenties the Ku Klux Klan portrayed Catholics as “inauthentic” american citizens and claimed that the Roman church was once attempting to take over the country’s public faculties, associations, and the govt itself. In 1928 a Methodist senator from Arkansas, Joe T. Robinson, was once selected because the operating mate to stability the price tag within the presidential crusade of Al Smith, a Catholic, which introduced extra attention.
Although public expressions of anti-Catholicism finally lessened, prejudice was back seen with the 1960 presidential crusade, received by way of John F. Kennedy.
Anti-Catholicism in Arkansas illustrates how the dominant Protestant majority portrayed Catholics as a feared or despised “other,” a phenomenon that used to be fairly powerful in Arkansas.
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Extra resources for Anti-Catholicism in Arkansas: How Politicians, the Press, the Klan, and Religious Leaders Imagined an Enemy, 1910–1960
Anti-Catholicism in Arkansas: How Politicians, the Press, the Klan, and Religious Leaders Imagined an Enemy, 1910–1960 by Kenneth C. Barnes